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Juneteenth in the African American Cultural Garden

Juneteenth 2017
African American Cultural Garden in Cleveland
June 17, 2017

The annual Juneteenth celebration was held in the African American Cultural Garden in Cleveland on June 17, 2017.

During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862, with an effective date of January 1, 1863. But in 1865, there were still an estimated 250,000 slaves in Texas. News of end of the war moved slowly and did not reach Texas until May 1865, and the Army of the Trans-Mississippi did not surrender until June 2.

On June 18, 1865, Union General Gordon Granger arrived at Galveston Island with 2,000 federal troops to occupy Texas on behalf of the federal government. On June 19, standing on the balcony of Galveston's Ashton Villa, Granger read aloud the contents of "General Order No. 3", announcing the total emancipation of slaves.

Juneteenth, also known as Juneteenth Independence Day or Freedom Day, is a holiday that commemorates the June 19, 1865 announcement of the abolition of slavery in Texas, and more generally the emancipation of African-American slaves throughout the Confederate South.

The Cleveland Juneteenth event was held in the African American Cultural Garden. Carl Ewing, President of the African American Cultural Garden Federation, introduced Cleveland Mayor Frank Jackson to begin the celebration of Juneteenth in Cleveland.

NOTE: All the images below with a white arrow in the middle are videos. (The other images are just photos) You can click on the white arrow to watch the video of whatever is described. Make sure your speakers are on and you can make the video full screen once it begins by clicking the icon in the lower right corner.



Mayor Frank Jackson

Mayor Frank Jackson


Reverend Hilton Smith of The Greater Abyssinia Baptist Church gave the invocation.



Reverend Hilton Smith

Reverend Hilton Smith


Kwanza Brewer led a libation ceremony.



Kwanza Brewer

Kwanza Brewer


Carl Ewing led off the singing of Lift Every Voice and Sing.



Singing Lift every voice and sing

Singing Lift every voice and sing

Singing Lift every voice and sing



Dr. Eugene Jordan of the African American Cultural Garden Federation led the Libation Litany.



Dr. Eugene Jordan

Dr. Eugene Jordan

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Ohio-Black Shield Police Association President Lynn Hampton introduced Professor James Small of Hidden Colors at a celebration of Juneteenth in the African American Cultural Garden in Cleveland. Professor Small told why we celebrate Juneteenth.



Lynn Hampton

Lynn Hampton


Professor James Small

Professor James Small



3 ladies from the Cleveland Association of Black Storytellers told the story of Juneteenth from the perspective of slaves and others involved.



Cleveland Association of Black Storytellers

Cleveland Association of Black Storytellers


Cleveland Councilmen Jeff Johnson and Kevin Conwell both spoke. Councilman Conwell's band Footprints also performed throughout the event.



Councilman Jeff Johnson

Councilman Jeff Johnson


Councilman Kevin Conwell

Councilman Kevin Conwell





See more from 2017 Juneteenth celebration in Cleveland on Page 2








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